.NET?6实现滑动验证码的示例详解(net6.0 desktop)全程干货

随心笔谈1年前 (2023)发布 admin
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目录CaptchaData.csCaptchaValidateData.csImageCaptchaInfo.csResource.csSliderImageCaptchaInfo.csSlideTrack.csTemplatePair.csTrack.cs

本节创建的类全部在工程的Model目录下:

CaptchaData.cs:验证码的数据类实体

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
public class CaptchaData
{
/// <summary>
/// id
/// </summary>
public string Id { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 背景图(含凹槽)
/// </summary>
public string BackgroundImage { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑动块图
/// </summary>
public string SliderImage { get; set; }

public CaptchaData(string id, string backgroundImage, string sliderImage)
{
Id=id;
BackgroundImage=backgroundImage;
SliderImage=sliderImage;
}
}
}

id表示验证码的id值,用于校验验证码,BackgroundImage 是验证码图片base64,包含了凹槽。凹槽模板在templates目录下。SliderImage 是滑块图片。模板在templates下。

CaptchaValidateData.cs:验证码验证数据实体

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
public class CaptchaValidateData
{
/// <summary>
/// 滑动比例
/// </summary>
public float Percent { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 容错值(校验时用,缺口位置与实际滑动位置匹配容错范围)
/// </summary>
public float Tolerant { get; set; }

public CaptchaValidateData(float percent, float tolerant)
{
Percent=percent;
Tolerant=tolerant;
}
}
}

ImageCaptchaInfo.cs:证码图片信息实体

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
public class ImageCaptchaInfo
{
/// <summary>
/// 背景图宽
/// </summary>
public int BackgroundImageWidth { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 背景图高
/// </summary>
public int BackgroundImageHeight { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 背景图
/// </summary>
public string BackgroundImageBase64 { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑动块图宽
/// </summary>
public int SliderImageWidth { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑动块图高
/// </summary>
public int SliderImageHeight { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑动块图
/// </summary>
public string SliderImageBase64 { get; set; }
}
}

验证码实体类的基类,滑动验证码、旋转验证码、点选验证码、拼接验证码都基于这个类。

Resource.cs :资源实体类

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
public class Resource
{
public Resource(){}
/// <summary>
/// 资源数据
/// </summary>
public string Data { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 资源类型
/// </summary>
public string Type { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 构造函数
/// </summary>
/// <param name=”type”>资源类型</param>
/// <param name=”data”>资源数据</param>
public Resource(string type,string data)
{
Type=type;
Data=data;
}
}
}

资源数据,Data为要生成验证码图片路径。Type为类型,目前仅为本地文件,后期将扩展URL模式。

SliderImageCaptchaInfo.cs:滑动验证码实体类

using SlideCaptcha.Exceptions;

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
public class SliderImageCaptchaInfo : ImageCaptchaInfo
{
/// <summary>
/// 凹槽x坐标
/// </summary>
public int X { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 凹槽y坐标
/// </summary>
public int Y { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 凹槽位置百分比
/// </summary>
public float Percent
{
get
{
if (BackgroundImageWidth <=0) return 0;
return 1.0f * X / BackgroundImageWidth;
}
}

public void Check()
{
// 校验
if (this.X <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(X)}小于等于0″);
if (this.Y <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(Y)}小于等于0″);
if (this.BackgroundImageWidth <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(BackgroundImageWidth)}小于等于0″);
if (this.BackgroundImageHeight <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(BackgroundImageHeight)}小于等于0″);
if (this.SliderImageWidth <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(SliderImageWidth)}小于等于0″);
if (this.SliderImageHeight <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(SliderImageHeight)}小于等于0″);
if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.BackgroundImageBase64)) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(BackgroundImageBase64)}为空”);
if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(this.SliderImageBase64)) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SliderImageCaptchaInfo数据异常: {nameof(SliderImageBase64)}为空”);
}
}
}

·SlideTrack.cs:滑动轨迹·

using SlideCaptcha.Exceptions;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
/// <summary>
/// 滑动轨迹
/// </summary>
public class SlideTrack
{
/// <summary>
/// 背景图片宽度(可能经过缩放,不是原始图片宽高)
/// </summary>
public int BackgroundImageWidth { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 背景图片高度(可能经过缩放,不是原始图片宽高)
/// </summary>
public int BackgroundImageHeight { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑块图片宽度(可能经过缩放,不是原始图片宽高)
/// </summary>
public int SliderImageWidth { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑块图片高度(可能经过缩放,不是原始图片宽高)
/// </summary>
public int SliderImageHeight { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑动开始时间(可能经过缩放,不是原始图片宽高)
/// </summary>
public DateTime StartTime { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 滑动结束时间
/// </summary>
public DateTime EndTime { get; set; }
/// <summary>
/// 轨迹
/// </summary>
public List<Track> Tracks { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 滑动比例
/// </summary>
public float Percent
{
get
{
if (this.BackgroundImageWidth <=0) return -1;
if (this.Tracks.Count <=0) return -1;

var lastTrack=this.Tracks[this.Tracks.Count – 1];
return 1.0f * lastTrack.X / this.BackgroundImageWidth;
}
}

public void Check()
{
// 校验
if (this.BackgroundImageWidth <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SlideTrack数据异常: {nameof(BackgroundImageWidth)}小于等于0″);
if (this.BackgroundImageHeight <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SlideTrack数据异常: {nameof(BackgroundImageHeight)}小于等于0″);
if (this.SliderImageWidth <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SlideTrack数据异常: {nameof(SliderImageWidth)}小于等于0″);
if (this.SliderImageHeight <=0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SlideTrack数据异常: {nameof(SliderImageHeight)}小于等于0″);
if (this.StartTime==DateTime.MinValue) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SlideTrack数据异常: {nameof(StartTime)}为空”);
if (this.EndTime==DateTime.MinValue) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SlideTrack数据异常: {nameof(EndTime)}为空”);
}

public void CheckTracks()
{
if (this.Tracks==null || this.Tracks.Count==0) throw new SlideCaptchaException($”SlideTrack数据异常: {nameof(Tracks)}为空”);
}
}
}

·TemplatePair.cs:模板类·

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
public class TemplatePair
{

public TemplatePair() { }

/// <summary>
/// 滑块资源
/// </summary>
public Resource Slider { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 凹槽资源
/// </summary>

public Resource Notch { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 模板类型
/// </summary>
public string TYPE { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 构造函数
/// </summary>
/// <param name=”slider”>滑块资源</param>
/// <param name=”notch”>凹槽资源</param>
/// <param name=”type”>末班类型</param>
public TemplatePair(Resource slider, Resource notch,string type)
{
Slider=slider;
Notch=notch;
TYPE=type;
}
/// <summary>
/// 创建模板
/// </summary>
/// <param name=”slider”>滑块资源</param>
/// <param name=”notch”>凹槽资源</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static TemplatePair Create(Resource slider, Resource notch,string type)
{
return new TemplatePair(slider, notch,type);
}

}
}

Track.cs :滑动数据实体类

namespace SlideCaptcha.Model
{
public class Track
{
/// <summary>
/// X轴
/// </summary>
public int X { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// Y轴
/// </summary>
public int Y { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// 时间
/// </summary>
public int T { get; set; }
}
}

代码中SlideCaptchaException是自定义错误类。自定义错误类在Extensions文件夹下,这个后面的代码会进行说明。

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