OpenSSL生成v3证书方法及配置文件详解(openssl生成https证书)满满干货

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tsa_policy2=1.2.3.4.5.6
tsa_policy3=1.2.3.4.5.7

####################################################################
[ ca ]
default_ca=CA_default ?# The default ca section

####################################################################
[ CA_default ]

dir ?=https://www.jb51.net/article/demoCA ?# Where everything is kept
certs ?=$dir/certs ?# Where the issued certs are kept
crl_dir ?=$dir/crl ?# Where the issued crl are kept
database=$dir/index.txt # database index file.
#unique_subject=no ? # Set to ‘no’ to allow creation of
? ? ?# several ctificates with same subject.
new_certs_dir=$dir/newcerts ?# default place for new certs.

certificate=$dir/cacert.pem ?# The CA certificate
serial ?=$dir/serial ? # The current serial number
crlnumber=$dir/crlnumber # the current crl number
? ? ?# must be commented out to leave a V1 CRL
crl ?=$dir/crl.pem ? # The current CRL
private_key=$dir/private/cakey.pem# The private key
RANDFILE=$dir/private/.rand # private random number file

x509_extensions=usr_cert ?# The extentions to add to the cert

# Comment out the following two lines for the “traditional”
# (and highly broken) format.
name_opt ?=ca_default ?# Subject Name options
cert_opt ?=ca_default ?# Certificate field options

# Extension copying option: use with caution.
# copy_extensions=copy

# Extensions to add to a CRL. Note: Netscape communicator chokes on V2 CRLs
# so this is commented out by default to leave a V1 CRL.
# crlnumber must also be commented out to leave a V1 CRL.
# crl_extensions=crl_ext

default_days=365 ? # how long to certify for
default_crl_days=30 ? # how long before next CRL
default_md=default ?# use public key default MD
preserve=no ? # keep passed DN ordering

# A few difference way of specifying how similar the request should look
# For type CA, the listed attributes must be the same, and the optional
# and supplied fields are just that 🙂
policy ?=policy_match

# For the CA policy
[ policy_match ]
countryName ?=match
stateOrProvinceName=match
organizationName=match
organizationalUnitName=optional
commonName ?=supplied
emailAddress ?=optional

# For the ‘anything’ policy
# At this point in time, you must list all acceptable ‘object’
# types.
[ policy_anything ]
countryName ?=optional
stateOrProvinceName=optional
localityName ?=optional
organizationName=optional
organizationalUnitName=optional
commonName ?=supplied
emailAddress ?=optional

####################################################################
[ req ]
default_bits ?=1024
default_keyfile ?=privkey.pem
distinguished_name=req_distinguished_name
attributes ?=req_attributes
x509_extensions=v3_ca # The extentions to add to the self signed cert

# Passwords for private keys if not present they will be prompted for
# input_password=secret
# output_password=secret

# This sets a mask for permitted string types. There are several options.?
# default: PrintableString, T61String, BMPString.
# pkix ?: PrintableString, BMPString (PKIX recommendation before 2004)
# utf8only: only UTF8Strings (PKIX recommendation after 2004).
# nombstr : PrintableString, T61String (no BMPStrings or UTF8Strings).
# MASK:XXXX a literal mask value.
# WARNING: ancient versions of Netscape crash on BMPStrings or UTF8Strings.
string_mask=utf8only

req_extensions=v3_req # The extensions to add to a certificate request

[ req_distinguished_name ]
countryName ?=Country Name (2 letter code)
countryName_default ?=CN
countryName_min ?=2
countryName_max ?=2

stateOrProvinceName ?=State or Province Name (full name)
stateOrProvinceName_default=BeiJing

localityName ?=Locality Name (eg, city)

0.organizationName ?=Organization Name (eg, company)
0.organizationName_default=myca

# we can do this but it is not needed normally 🙂
#1.organizationName ?=Second Organization Name (eg, company)
#1.organizationName_default=World Wide Web Pty Ltd

organizationalUnitName ?=Organizational Unit Name (eg, section)
#organizationalUnitName_default=commonName ?=Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name)
commonName_max ?=64

emailAddress ?=Email Address
emailAddress_max ?=64

# SET-ex3 ?=SET extension number 3

[ req_attributes ]
challengePassword ?=A challenge password
challengePassword_min ?=4
challengePassword_max ?=20

unstructuredName ?=An optional company name

[ usr_cert ]

# These extensions are added when ‘ca’ signs a request.

# This goes against PKIX guidelines but some CAs do it and some software
# requires this to avoid interpreting an end user certificate as a CA.

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE

# Here are some examples of the usage of nsCertType. If it is omitted
# the certificate can be used for anything *except* object signing.

# This is OK for an SSL server.
# nsCertType ?=server

# For an object signing certificate this would be used.
# nsCertType=objsign

# For normal client use this is typical
# nsCertType=client, email

# and for everything including object signing:
nsCertType=client, email, objsign

# This is typical in keyUsage for a client certificate.
keyUsage=nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

# This will be displayed in Netscape’s comment listbox.
nsComment ?=”OpenSSL Generated Certificate”

# PKIX recommendations harmless if included in all certificates.
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer

# This stuff is for subjectAltName and issuerAltname.
# Import the email address.
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# An alternative to produce certificates that aren’t
# deprecated according to PKIX.
# subjectAltName=email:move

# Copy subject details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

#nsCaRevocationUrl ?=?http://www.domain.dom/ca-crl.pem
#nsBaseUrl
#nsRevocationUrl
#nsRenewalUrl
#nsCaPolicyUrl
#nsSslServerName

# This is required for TSA certificates.
# extendedKeyUsage=critical,timeStamping

[ svr_cert ]

# These extensions are added when ‘ca’ signs a request.

# This goes against PKIX guidelines but some CAs do it and some software
# requires this to avoid interpreting an end user certificate as a CA.

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE

# Here are some examples of the usage of nsCertType. If it is omitted
# the certificate can be used for anything *except* object signing.

# This is OK for an SSL server.
nsCertType ?=server

# For an object signing certificate this would be used.
# nsCertType=objsign

# For normal client use this is typical
# nsCertType=client, email

# and for everything including object signing:
# nsCertType=client, email, objsign

# This is typical in keyUsage for a client certificate.
# ?digitalSignature nonRepudiation keyEncipherment dataEncipherment ?
# ?keyAgreement keyCertSign cRLSign encipherOnly decipherOnly?
keyUsage=nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment, dataEncipherment, keyAgreement

# This will be displayed in Netscape’s comment listbox.
#nsComment ?=”OpenSSL Generated Certificate”

# PKIX recommendations harmless if included in all certificates.
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer

# This stuff is for subjectAltName and issuerAltname.
# Import the email address.
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# An alternative to produce certificates that aren’t
# deprecated according to PKIX.
# subjectAltName=email:move

# Copy subject details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

#nsCaRevocationUrl ?=?http://www.domain.dom/ca-crl.pem
#nsBaseUrl
#nsRevocationUrl
#nsRenewalUrl
#nsCaPolicyUrl
#nsSslServerName

# This is required for TSA certificates.
extendedKeyUsage=serverAuth,clientAuth

[ v3_req ]

# Extensions to add to a certificate request

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE
keyUsage=nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

[ v3_ca ]

# Extensions for a typical CA

# PKIX recommendation.

subjectKeyIdentifier=hash

authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid:always,issuer

# This is what PKIX recommends but some broken software chokes on critical
# extensions.
#basicConstraints=critical,CA:true
# So we do this instead.
basicConstraints=CA:true

# Key usage: this is typical for a CA certificate. However since it will
# prevent it being used as an test self-signed certificate it is best
# left out by default.
# keyUsage=cRLSign, keyCertSign

# Some might want this also
# nsCertType=sslCA, emailCA

# Include email address in subject alt name: another PKIX recommendation
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# Copy issuer details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

# DER hex encoding of an extension: beware experts only!
# obj=DER:02:03
# Where ‘obj’ is a standard or added object
# You can even override a supported extension:
# basicConstraints=critical, DER:30:03:01:01:FF

[ crl_ext ]

# CRL extensions.
# Only issuerAltName and authorityKeyIdentifier make any sense in a CRL.

# issuerAltName=issuer:copy
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid:always

[ proxy_cert_ext ]
# These extensions should be added when creating a proxy certificate

# This goes against PKIX guidelines but some CAs do it and some software
# requires this to avoid interpreting an end user certificate as a CA.

basicConstraints=CA:FALSE

# Here are some examples of the usage of nsCertType. If it is omitted
# the certificate can be used for anything *except* object signing.

# This is OK for an SSL server.
# nsCertType ?=server

# For an object signing certificate this would be used.
# nsCertType=objsign

# For normal client use this is typical
# nsCertType=client, email

# and for everything including object signing:
# nsCertType=client, email, objsign

# This is typical in keyUsage for a client certificate.
# keyUsage=nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, keyEncipherment

# This will be displayed in Netscape’s comment listbox.
nsComment ?=”OpenSSL Generated Certificate”

# PKIX recommendations harmless if included in all certificates.
subjectKeyIdentifier=hash
authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid,issuer

# This stuff is for subjectAltName and issuerAltname.
# Import the email address.
# subjectAltName=email:copy
# An alternative to produce certificates that aren’t
# deprecated according to PKIX.
# subjectAltName=email:move

# Copy subject details
# issuerAltName=issuer:copy

#nsCaRevocationUrl ?=?http://www.domain.dom/ca-crl.pem
#nsBaseUrl
#nsRevocationUrl
#nsRenewalUrl
#nsCaPolicyUrl
#nsSslServerName

# This really needs to be in place for it to be a proxy certificate.
proxyCertInfo=critical,language:id-ppl-anyLanguage,pathlen:3,policy:foo

####################################################################
[ tsa ]

default_tsa=tsa_config1 # the default TSA section

[ tsa_config1 ]

# These are used by the TSA reply generation only.
dir ?=https://www.jb51.net/article/demoCA ?# TSA root directory
serial ?=$dir/tsaserial # The current serial number (mandatory)
crypto_device=builtin ?# OpenSSL engine to use for signing
signer_cert=$dir/tsacert.pem ?# The TSA signing certificate
? ? ?# (optional)
certs ?=$dir/cacert.pem # Certificate chain to include in reply
? ? ?# (optional)
signer_key=$dir/private/tsakey.pem # The TSA private key (optional)

default_policy=tsa_policy1 ?# Policy if request did not specify it
? ? ?# (optional)
other_policies=tsa_policy2, tsa_policy3 # acceptable policies (optional)
digests ?=md5, sha1 ?# Acceptable message digests (mandatory)
accuracy=secs:1, millisecs:500, microsecs:100 # (optional)
clock_precision_digits ?=0 # number of digits after dot. (optional)
ordering ?=yes # Is ordering defined for timestamps?
? ? # (optional, default: no)
tsa_name ?=yes # Must the TSA name be included in the reply?
? ? # (optional, default: no)
ess_cert_id_chain=no # Must the ESS cert id chain be included?
? ? # (optional, default: no)

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