nvidia-smi命令详解和一些高阶技巧讲解(nvidia v100显卡)原创

随心笔谈1年前 (2023)发布 admin
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用户名@主机名:$ nvidia-smi -h
NVIDIA System Management Interface — v450.172.01

NVSMI provides monitoring information for Tesla and select Quadro devices.
The data is presented in either a plain text or an XML format, via stdout or a file.
NVSMI also provides several management operations for changing the device state.

Note that the functionality of NVSMI is exposed through the NVML C-based
library. See the NVIDIA developer website for more information about NVML.
Python wrappers to NVML are also available. The output of NVSMI is
not guaranteed to be backwards compatible; NVML and the bindings are backwards
compatible.

http://developer.nvidia.com/nvidia-management-library-nvml/
http://pypi.python.org/pypi/nvidia-ml-py/
Supported products:
– Full Support
– All Tesla products, starting with the Kepler architecture
– All Quadro products, starting with the Kepler architecture
– All GRID products, starting with the Kepler architecture
– GeForce Titan products, starting with the Kepler architecture
– Limited Support
– All Geforce products, starting with the Kepler architecture
nvidia-smi [OPTION1 [ARG1]] [OPTION2 [ARG2]] …

-h, –help Print usage information and exit.

LIST OPTIONS:

-L, –list-gpus Display a list of GPUs connected to the system.

-B, –list-blacklist-gpus Display a list of blacklisted GPUs in the system.

SUMMARY OPTIONS:

<no arguments> Show a summary of GPUs connected to the system.

[plus any of]

-i, –id= Target a specific GPU.
-f, –filename= Log to a specified file, rather than to stdout.
-l, –loop= Probe until Ctrl+C at specified second interval.

QUERY OPTIONS:

-q, –query Display GPU or Unit info.

[plus any of]

-u, –unit Show unit, rather than GPU, attributes.
-i, –id= Target a specific GPU or Unit.
-f, –filename= Log to a specified file, rather than to stdout.
-x, –xml-format Produce XML output.
–dtd When showing xml output, embed DTD.
-d, –display= Display only selected information: MEMORY,
UTILIZATION, ECC, TEMPERATURE, POWER, CLOCK,
COMPUTE, PIDS, PERFORMANCE, SUPPORTED_CLOCKS,
PAGE_RETIREMENT, ACCOUNTING, ENCODER_STATS,
FBC_STATS, ROW_REMAPPER
Flags can be combined with comma e.g. ECC,POWER.
Sampling data with max/min/avg is also returned
for POWER, UTILIZATION and CLOCK display types.
Doesn’t work with -u or -x flags.
-l, –loop= Probe until Ctrl+C at specified second interval.

-lms, –loop-ms= Probe until Ctrl+C at specified millisecond interval.

SELECTIVE QUERY OPTIONS:

Allows the caller to pass an explicit list of properties to query.

[one of]

–query-gpu= Information about GPU.
Call –help-query-gpu for more info.
–query-supported-clocks=List of supported clocks.
Call –help-query-supported-clocks for more info.
–query-compute-apps=List of currently active compute processes.
Call –help-query-compute-apps for more info.
–query-accounted-apps=List of accounted compute processes.
Call –help-query-accounted-apps for more info.
This query is not supported on vGPU host.
–query-retired-pages=List of device memory pages that have been retired.
Call –help-query-retired-pages for more info.
–query-remapped-rows=Information about remapped rows.
Call –help-query-remapped-rows for more info.

[mandatory]

–format= Comma separated list of format options:
csv – comma separated values (MANDATORY)
noheader – skip the first line with column headers
nounits – don’t print units for numerical
values

[plus any of]

-i, –id= Target a specific GPU or Unit.
-f, –filename= Log to a specified file, rather than to stdout.
-l, –loop= Probe until Ctrl+C at specified second interval.
-lms, –loop-ms= Probe until Ctrl+C at specified millisecond interval.

DEVICE MODIFICATION OPTIONS:

[any one of]

-pm, –persistence-mode=Set persistence mode: 0/DISABLED, 1/ENABLED
-e, –ecc-config=Toggle ECC support: 0/DISABLED, 1/ENABLED
-p, –reset-ecc-errors=Reset ECC error counts: 0/VOLATILE, 1/AGGREGATE
-c, –compute-mode=Set MODE for compute applications:
0/DEFAULT, 1/EXCLUSIVE_PROCESS,
2/PROHIBITED
–gom= Set GPU Operation Mode:
0/ALL_ON, 1/COMPUTE, 2/LOW_DP
-r –gpu-reset Trigger reset of the GPU.
Can be used to reset the GPU HW state in situations
that would otherwise require a machine reboot.
Typically useful if a double bit ECC error has
occurred.
Reset operations are not guarenteed to work in
all cases and should be used with caution.
-vm –virt-mode=Switch GPU Virtualization Mode:
Sets GPU virtualization mode to 3/VGPU or 4/VSGA
Virtualization mode of a GPU can only be set when
it is running on a hypervisor.
-lgc –lock-gpu-clocks=Specifies <minGpuClock,maxGpuClock> clocks as a
pair (e.g. 1500,1500) that defines the range
of desired locked GPU clock speed in MHz.
Setting this will supercede application clocks
and take effect regardless if an app is running.
Input can also be a singular desired clock value
(e.g. <GpuClockValue>).
-rgc –reset-gpu-clocks
Resets the Gpu clocks to the default values.
-ac –applications-clocks=Specifies <memory,graphics> clocks as a
pair (e.g. 2000,800) that defines GPU’s
speed in MHz while running applications on a GPU.
-rac –reset-applications-clocks
Resets the applications clocks to the default values.
-acp –applications-clocks-permission= Toggles permission requirements for -ac and -rac commands:
0/UNRESTRICTED, 1/RESTRICTED
-pl –power-limit=Specifies maximum power management limit in watts.
-cc –cuda-clocks=Overrides or restores default CUDA clocks.
In override mode, GPU clocks higher frequencies when running CUDA applications.
Only on supported devices starting from the Volta series.
Requires administrator privileges.
0/RESTORE_DEFAULT, 1/OVERRIDE
-am –accounting-mode=Enable or disable Accounting Mode: 0/DISABLED, 1/ENABLED
-caa –clear-accounted-apps
Clears all the accounted PIDs in the buffer.
–auto-boost-default=Set the default auto boost policy to 0/DISABLED
or 1/ENABLED, enforcing the change only after the
last boost client has exited.
–auto-boost-permission= Allow non-admin/root control over auto boost mode:
0/UNRESTRICTED, 1/RESTRICTED
-mig –multi-instance-gpu=Enable or disable Multi Instance GPU: 0/DISABLED, 1/ENABLED
Requires root.

[plus optional]

-i, –id= Target a specific GPU.
-eow, –error-on-warning Return a non-zero error for warnings.

UNIT MODIFICATION OPTIONS:

-t, –toggle-led=Set Unit LED state: 0/GREEN, 1/AMBER

[plus optional]

-i, –id= Target a specific Unit.

SHOW DTD OPTIONS:

–dtd Print device DTD and exit.

[plus optional]

-f, –filename= Log to a specified file, rather than to stdout.
-u, –unit Show unit, rather than device, DTD.

–debug= Log encrypted debug information to a specified file.

STATISTICS: (EXPERIMENTAL)
stats Displays device statistics. “nvidia-smi stats -h” for more information.

Device Monitoring:
dmon Displays device stats in scrolling format.
“nvidia-smi dmon -h” for more information.

daemon Runs in background and monitor devices as a daemon process.
This is an experimental feature. Not supported on Windows baremetal
“nvidia-smi daemon -h” for more information.

replay Used to replay/extract the persistent stats generated by daemon.
This is an experimental feature.
“nvidia-smi replay -h” for more information.

Process Monitoring:
pmon Displays process stats in scrolling format.
“nvidia-smi pmon -h” for more information.

TOPOLOGY:
topo Displays device/system topology. “nvidia-smi topo -h” for more information.

DRAIN STATES:
drain Displays/modifies GPU drain states for power idling. “nvidia-smi drain -h” for more information.

NVLINK:
nvlink Displays device nvlink information. “nvidia-smi nvlink -h” for more information.

CLOCKS:
clocks Control and query clock information. “nvidia-smi clocks -h” for more information.

ENCODER SESSIONS:
encodersessions Displays device encoder sessions information. “nvidia-smi encodersessions -h” for more information.

FBC SESSIONS:
fbcsessions Displays device FBC sessions information. “nvidia-smi fbcsessions -h” for more information.

GRID vGPU:
vgpu Displays vGPU information. “nvidia-smi vgpu -h” for more information.

MIG:
mig Provides controls for MIG management. “nvidia-smi mig -h” for more information.

Please see the nvidia-smi(1) manual page for more detailed information.

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